The twentieth session of the Conference of Parties held in Lima, on 1-12 December 2014, resulted in the Lima call for Climate Action.
Decision -/CP.20.9 ‘reiterates its invitation to each Party to communicate to the secretariat its intended nationally determined contribution towards achieving the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2’.
The Lima call for Climate Action further provided some directives on INDC as highlighted in the following decision:
Decision -/CP.20.14. ‘Agrees that the information to be provided by Parties communicating their intended nationally determined contributions, in order to facilitate clarity, transparency and understanding, may include, as appropriate, inter alia, quantifiable information on the reference point (including, as appropriate, a base year), time frames and/or periods for implementation, scope and coverage, planning processes, assumptions and methodological approaches including those for estimating and accounting for anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and, as appropriate, removals, and how the Party considers that its intended nationally determined contribution is fair and ambitious, in light of its national circumstances, and how it contributes towards achieving the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2;’
Furthermore, during the fifteenth session of the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment, that met in Cairo from 2 to 6 March 2015, the African ministers of the environment, in the ‘Cairo Declaration on Managing Africa’s Natural Capital for Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication’ ‘encourage all member States to communicate their intended national determined contributions to the secretariat of the Convention’.
Following these directives, African countries are striving to comply with their INDC submissions within the timeline set for submission to the UNFCCC secretariat. Some African countries have therefore, formally requested for support from the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC), UNECA, with the preparation of their INDCs.