- Main Themes
- Africa at COP21
- Africa Climate Talks (ACTs)
- Climate Diaries
On what should be the last day of the conference, as often happens, we are going to go beyond the planned timeframe due to a number of outstanding issues where agreement has not been reached. The nine groups mentioned reported to the presidency on Wednesday night and on Thursday another version of the negotiating text, based on these reports, was circulated. There have been continuing negotiations since Wednesday evening, through the night until early Thursday morning. They began again continuing through the night on Thursday.
There has been progress in some areas but major issues are still unresolved. The whole question of differentiation among parties, between developed and developing countries, those that are emerging economies and those progressing less well. There is a persistent problem in trying to make a distinction in line with what the convention has already established in terms of historical responsibility – that the countries responsible for causing global warming should take the lead. It’s still not clear what contributions the developed countries should make.
The developed countries do not want to commit strongly to providing financial support now it’s been expanded into what’s called Means of Implementation – not only finance but technology development and transfer as well as capacity building. The developing countries are saying they need the means to implement what is required of them in the treaty. Their position is clear: in the process of development, they do not want to devote their resources to resolving problems they didn’t create.
The fact is that promises made in the past have not been fulfilled – and so developing countries are now looking for a clear commitment that the finances to be provided should be adequate, predictable and should be delivered. Until that’s resolved we’re going to have serious and unresolved issues.
Mr. Seth Osafo
The work of the facilitators appointed by the presidency has been continuing. They have been trying to bridge the positions of the parties, identify differences and to see how these can be resolved.
Initially the president had established 4 different groups:
but the presidency has now added the following additional groups
So the number of facilitators have multiplied – some have started work, others haven’t. There’s was a meeting yesterday at 7PM by the Committee of Paris to establish the process with the various facilitators reporting back. The reports showed progress in some areas but in the core areas of finance, differentiation and ambition, with regards to mitigation, differences still remain.
One of key issues is whether to refer to 1.5 degrees as the temperature increase that the planet can absorb - some are sticking firmly to 2 degrees. Those contending it should be 2 degrees or less are not willing to be specific on what is meant by “less,” so there’s still room for negotiation there.
The decision taken at the end of yesterday was that the consultation will continue today, after which the chair is going to release a text at 1PM – this will be a clean text but with very few options. Parties will have up to 3PM to consider the text at which time there will be a plenary. After the 3PM meeting, if any issues arise during the plenary meeting, another meeting will be convened later in the day.
More updates to follow…
“Recounting briefly, events towards the end of last week: the co-chairs of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform (ADP) convened their final plenary where the text that the negotiators had worked on was finally adopted by the Group and passed on to the COP presidency. So, the ADP has now completed its work. On Sunday evening a meeting was convened by the COP presidency to plan the way forward: teams of ministers have been established, each leading on various issues such as Means of Implementation and adaptation.
The co-chair sitting under each theme will now hold consultations, endeavouring to get a consensus, trying to move towards a common position. They will report back to the president, set to take place this afternoon (Monday) and the next process will follow.
So that, in summary, is where we are - it is now in the hands of the ministers who are undertaking the consultations. In terms of an overall reflection on the text as it stands, it’s still in the early stages. There are many options and alternatives that need to be worked through; there is still much work to be done. As I understand, another text will be available on Wednesday, which fill form the basis of further consultations.”
“The main focus on this, day five of the negotiations sits with the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) - this platform is required to complete the negotiations on the new treaty in Paris by the end of this UNFCCC session.
The negotiations are at a very critical stage. Yesterday, Thursday, a new document from the secretariat was released. The document is essentially a compilation from the various spin-off groups established to address various thematic issues such as finance, loss and damage, adaptation.
This stage of the negotiations involve thrashing out some of the complex and controversial language across all these themes. The negotiators have until Friday to work through as much of this as they can; what’s not resolved by the negotiators will be taken forward to ministers next week.
A meeting was convened on Thursday to establish the way forward; discussions continued throughout the day and all evening. We’re expecting the revised document to be released on Friday morning, after which a further set of discussions will continue.”